Swallowtail Fennel $3.09 $3.29
Renee's Garden - Handsome, ornamental plants with 4-5 foot feathery plumes of filigreed blue-green, copper-tipped leaves and lacy, golden flower umbels. A stunning addition to flower beds and a major nectar and pollen host for many butterflies (especially Swallowtails) and beneficial insect species. The aromatic, sweetly anise-scented leaves are delicious in salads and make a lovely, soothing tea. The pretty flowers are lovely in bouquets; their edible golden pollen is a gourmet seasoning that upscale chefs love to use.   Characteristics:  Heirloom Selective  Butterfly favorites  Pollinators & Beneficials  Perennial: USDA zone 5-9    Instructions - To plant directly in the garden, In spring when the danger of hard frost is past, sow seeds 1 inch apart in finely worked, well-drained, fertile soil in full sun. Cover 1/2 inch deep, firm soil, and keep the seedbed moist. Germination takes 2 to 3 weeks. After seedlings are well established, carefully thin or transplant them 1 1/2 feet apart to allow plants room to mature.   To start early indoors, Sow thinly in a container of seed starting mix, 4 to 6 weeks before the last expected frost. Keep warm and evenly moist, and provide a good light source. When seedlings are 3 to 4 inches tall, acclimate gradually to outdoor conditions before carefully transplanting as above.  Plant in very well-drained soil. Seedlings grow slowly at first; watch out for them closely as their bronze color makes them easy to weed out by accident. The branching feathery fronds crowned by intricate yellow flowers provide valuable nectar and pollen to a wide range of butterflies, ladybugs, lacewings, and other beneficial insects. Colorful blue-green, and copper-bronze foliage is a beautiful contrast with the green foliage and bright colors of summer annuals.  Plant in March-June  Full Sun  Plant 1/2" deep  Space 1" apart  14-21 days to germinate  Mature height: 4-5 feet  Firefly Farm & Mercantile may substitute suppliers due to availability. 
Finale Fennel, Organic $3.25 $3.55
Vigorous plants were a hit in High Mowing trials, producing huge juicy bulbs. High Mowing Organic Seeds - Very large, uniform bulbs with slightly flattened shape Bulbing-types produce large sweet bulbs. Finale stores well, keeping good quality and maintaining a crisp, juicy texture and pleasant flavor. Excellent bolt resistance.  Characteristics:  Organic, non-GMO, and open-pollinated  Bolt-resistant  4" bulbs 80 days  1/32 oz approx.  Instructions - Fennel needs deep, well-drained, moderately fertile soil with a pH from 6.1-8.0. It has a very deep taproot. Plant 1/4-1/2" deep  Direct seed at 2" and thin to 6-8" Plant 18" rows apart  Firefly Farm & Mercantile may substitute seed vendors from time to time because of the availability
Florence Fennel, Organic $3.45 $3.95
The Seed Savers Exchange - Called finnocchio in Italy, this fennel variety has broad overlapping leaves that form a large, edible, bulb-like base below its celery-like stalks. The bulb and stalks, as well as the feathery, dill-like leaves that top this 3' tall plant, have mild licorice or anise flavor. This tender perennial grows as an annual prospers when given a steady supply of moisture. Characteristics:  Organic Tender perennial or annual Plants grow to 3 feet tall Large, bulb-like growth at the base of the stem 250 Seeds Instructions - Sow seeds indoors ¼" deep. Transplant outdoors after the danger of frost has passed. Harvest before plant blooms to keep the bulb from becoming tough. Prefers well-drained rich soil. Sow indoors 4-6 weeks ahead of time Germination 10-15 days Plant 10-12" apart Firefly Farm & Mercantile may substitute seed vendors from time to time because of the availability
Smokey Bronze Fennel $3.04 $3.29
Renee's Garden - Striking 4 to 5-foot plumes of filigreed coppery leaves and lacy golden flower umbels that ripen mellow anise-flavored seeds. Smokey Bronze Fennel makes a stunning addition to flower or herb beds and is a major nectar & pollen host for many butterflies and beneficial insect species. Season seafood, salads, or cooked vegetables with feathery copper-bronze leaves. Tea made from aromatic leaves or sweet seeds soothes upset stomachs and calms the nerves.   Characteristics:  Heirloom  Butterfly Favorites  Pollinators & Beneficials  Coppery-bronze fennel  Aromatic anise scent and flavor    Instructions - In spring when the danger of hard frost is past, sow seeds 1 inch apart in finely worked, well-drained, fertile soil in full sun. Cover 1/2 inch deep, firm soil, and keep the seedbed moist. Germination takes 2 to 3 weeks. After seedlings are well established, carefully thin or transplant 1 foot apart to allow plants room to mature. Sow thinly in a container of seed starting mix, 4 to 6 weeks before the last expected frost. Keep warm and evenly moist, and provide a good light source. When seedlings are 3 to 4 inches tall, acclimate gradually to outdoor conditions before carefully transplanting as above.  Growing Notes: Plant in very well-drained soil and keep a close eye on young seedlings, which grow slowly at first – their unusual bronze color can make them easy to weed out by accident! A prime butterfly plant, the copper-bronze fronds of Smokey Bronze fennel send up tall branching stalks crowned by intricate yellow flowers that provide valuable nectar and pollen to ladybugs, lacewings, and other beneficial insects. Bronze fennel’s deep-colored foliage provides a beautiful contrast to the green foliage and bright hot colors of summer annuals like cosmos, zinnias, and sunflowers. Plant in March-June  Full Sun  Plant 1/2" deep  Space 1" apart  14-21 days to germinate  Mature Height: 4-5 feet  Firefly Farm & Mercantile may substitute suppliers due to availability. 
Romanesco Bulbing Fennel, Heirloom, Organic $3.75 $4.39
Renee's Garden - Italian heirloom grows easily and reliably produces plump green oval bulbs with feathery tops. The crispy, sweet anise flesh is perfect for versatile salads, dips, or to roast, sauté or grill.  Characteristics:  Organic Heirloom  Pastel-green oval bulbs  Versatile juicy-crisp flesh  Feathery tops    Instructions - In early spring when the danger of hard frost is over, sow seeds in well-worked, fertile soil in full sun. Space seeds 4 inches apart in rows 12 inches apart and covers seed 1/2 inch deep. Carefully thin when seedlings are large enough to handle to stand 10 to 12 inches apart so bulbs have room to grow and mature. Or start seeds indoors in a container of seed starting mix. Keep moist and provide a strong light source until seedlings are 3 or 4 inches tall and ready to transplant as above. For tender, best-quality bulbs, fennel needs rich soil and cool growing weather, so sow seeds as early as the ground can be worked and again in midsummer for fall harvesting. Be sure seedlings are thinned or transplanted 10 to 12 inches apart. Keep plants evenly moist throughout the growing season – mulching is a good strategy. Fennel is a heavy feeder, so fertilize every 2 to 3 weeks with a high nitrogen fertilizer such as fish emulsion. When bulbs are full and plump, cut them off at the soil level. Trim the feathery leaves down to the solid base.  Cold Winters: May  Mild Winters: March-April / July-August  Full sun  Sow Seeds: 4" apart, 1/2" deep  Days to Germinate: 14-21 days  Days to Harvest: 90 Firefly Farm & Mercantile may substitute suppliers due to availability. 
Bronze Fennel, Organic $3.04 $3.29
Southern Exposure Seed Exchange - This decorative fennel has beautiful lacy bronze leaves. Useful as an ornamental as well as a culinary sweet fennel.  (Foeniculum vulgare dulce var. Rubrum)  Characteristics:  Heirloom  Butterfly Favorites  Pollinators & Beneficials  Coppery-bronze fennel  Aromatic anise scent and flavor  Each Packet is .2g (~75 Seeds)   Growing instructions: Biennial in zones 2-5, perennial in zones 6-10. Germination: 70°F, darkness required, 7-14 days. Direct seed. Full sun. 36-60 in. tall. Medicinal: Fennel is used as a carminative to relieve flatulence and colic while stimulating digestion. It is also anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, and is similar to anise in calming bronchial coughs. It has estrogenic activity and stimulates milk flow in nursing mothers. Plant in March-June  Full Sun  Plant 1/2" deep  Space 1" apart  14-21 days to germinate  Mature Height: 4-5 feet  Firefly Farm & Mercantile may substitute suppliers due to availability. 
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